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Buds, catkins and leaves along with twigs and bark are a source of food for birds and other wildlife. 20YY 41/165. It's important to split white birch into small sections and give the wood plenty of time to dry. Observe the trunks and the branches of the white birches and try to detect differences in them. long (7 cm), with some golden-yellow fall color before they shed for the winter. trailer 98YY 82/022. Observe the trunks and the branches of the white birches and try to detect differences in them. Mature size is around 30-40' tall x … Bronzed Ivy. Fiberon Gray Birch 1x12x12 Fascia $ 123.30 Fiberon Gray Birch 1x8x12 Riser $ 79.74 Fiberon Gray Birch 5/4x6x12 Grooved $ 55.08 Fiberon Gray Birch 5/4x6x16 Grooved $ 73.44 Fiberon Gray Birch … The flowers are in catkins. Gray birch bark does not come off the tree without much difficulty. It has a wonderful yellow fall color. %PDF-1.4 %���� endstream endobj 191 0 obj<>/Metadata 24 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 23 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 26 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808104215)/PageLabels 21 0 R>> endobj 192 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 193 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 194 0 obj<> endobj 195 0 obj<> endobj 196 0 obj<> endobj 197 0 obj<> endobj 198 0 obj<> endobj 199 0 obj[/ICCBased 212 0 R] endobj 200 0 obj<> endobj 201 0 obj<> endobj 202 0 obj<> endobj 203 0 obj<> endobj 204 0 obj<>stream Landscaping: Gray birch is an attractive tree that is 0000000016 00000 n In the St. Louis area, it is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade. Bark color and texture Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Betula Populifolia Gray Birch. However, try not to peel the bark off living white birches; this could ultimately harm the health of the tree. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. Paper birch bark peels off the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that is orange in color. Some lumber dealers differentiate between the three, with white birch considered more exclusive. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. Betula Uber Virginia Round-Leaf Birch) Native to Virginia. Other common names:Gray Birch. Gray Birch is an attractive tree that resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula (European White Birch). 1995. All three possess an attractive white bark on the older trees, so distinguishing one from the other will require a more discerning eye. The red-brown or gray bark of young stems and branches whitens as the tree matures, becoming red orange on the inner surface. 0000001668 00000 n 0000004623 00000 n %%EOF The European variety can grow to 50 feet tall, according to the Floridata website, while the shortest is the gray birch, a tree typically between 20 and 40 feet high. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long … Black triangular patches form on bark, under branches. Measure them for length and you will find that European birch leaves are a bit shorter than the other two at a maximum length of 2 1/2 inches. 0000004380 00000 n Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. 0000004344 00000 n In addition to its white bark and yellow fall foliage, the form of this tree provides landscaping interest. Ethnobotanic: Native Americans used a bark decoction of gray birch on swollen or infected cuts. 0000001827 00000 n Grey birch can often be found with white birch and its associated species, again on dry sites, while bog birch lives up to its name, being found in acidic, boggy areas. Also, make sure not to stack the wood directly on the ground because white birch is known to quickly decay if left exposed to the elements.. Swan White. Trees , broadly pyramidal, to 10 m; trunks usually several. Deciduous tree, 30-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, upright habit, bark attractive, grayish-white with black markings, leaves glossy green, yellow in fall. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : The range of gray birch extends west from Nova Scotia to southern Ontario, and south to New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. xref Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. Gray Birch vs Yellow Birch. x�bbf`b``Ń3���0 IN� Soil/Climate: Gray birch is native to eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. The paper birch has leaves that can grow to 4 inches in length, and the gray birch leaves average between 2 and 3 1/2 inches long, states the University of Connecticut Plant Database website. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, prune during the dormant season. The tallest of these three types in the wild is the paper birch, a tree that can exceed 70 feet in some instances. Originally thought to be Betula platyphylla japonica, Whitespire has recently been identified as Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, a species known to be bronze birch borer resistant. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. This is the classic birch tree use by Native Americans to make many useful products from footware to their famous birch-bark canoes. Gray birch trees often have a bushy appearance, with multiple stems emanating from one trunk, branching off quickly above the ground into various sections. These white birches include the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), the gray birch (Betula populifolia) and the European white birch (Betula pendula), an ornamental species introduced from overseas. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). 0000006782 00000 n Frosted Almond. :��V���\���Hb�H�ҳ����"���"��L���FGGD;�30l��%�X,�����F�B��!��HBV� o�9�&������@~� ��m4��K�7�bna7`l�a����á��S��C>��Q��/��bk f`ؽ���\l}2�;��[email protected]�pG H3� �-R Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Forewing pattern is variable, but the majority of individuals have three fasciae that are variably expressed from costa to dorsum.The costal margin is sinuate, giving resting individuals a classic "bell-shaped" appearance.The distal half of the hindwing is white in males and yellowish in females. Farmer'S Almanac Cream. 20YY 63/258. 0000036791 00000 n H��TMs�8��W�(L�"��q3��l:��7V�L��$�ȱW��i}AP����jl �=��w�t�c��`>? 0000010599 00000 n Variety Betula platyphylla Sukaczev var. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. Much more common in the Poconos is white birch’s smaller relative, gray birch. White birch definition is - paper birch; also : gray birch. 20-40' x 10-20'. The leaves are alternate, ovate, short-pointed,2 –4 inches long, thick-er than those of gray birch, doubly-toothed, with the upper surface dark green and dull. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. pubescens – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees;" Elbert Little; 2008. It can be grown in planting zones 3 to 9. 90YR 31/227. Identifying these white birch trees depends on your capability to recognize differences in their features. You may encounter three types of birch trees in the United States that feature white bark. populifolia (Marshall) Regel; B. alba var. '�yt*_;�'5���E,�!���T\h��tLA��.>���.���6��8��8Դ���O8±�IJ$W>��⾅�(�C��~�?��㮮��?-�h(9?��ӡ6 |VX�;S�n�9��): 0000012500 00000 n Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 0 Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. Inspect the bark of all the white birches. ?_,S`��� ssp. Perform… Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. The bark on the tree tends to hold in the moisture making white birch difficult to season. European white birch trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy. Another “white” birch is Young’s weeping birch (Betula pendula Youngii), a dwarf variety that reaches a height of 6 to 12 feet at maturity. 0000002753 00000 n Gray birch often is injured by ice and snow. 0000036569 00000 n Make sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool. 0000001202 00000 n tortuosa (Ledeb.) Gray birch looks very similar to paper birch (Betula papyrifera) with its chalky, white bark, but is much more tolerant of heat and dry soils, making it more suitable than paper birch for the warmer zones of eastern American landscapes. platyphylla – Asian white birch P: Species Betula populifolia Marshall – gray birch P: Species Betula pubescens Ehrh. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. It is a short-lived, small, pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Birch trees are scattered throughout the United States. 0000015170 00000 n Paper birch trees have branches just a few feet above the ground, when you find one growing in the wild, and normally just a single main trunk. It also is known as the canoe birch or white birch. Native geographic location and habitat. ssp. 0000002212 00000 n You may encounter three types of birch trees in the United States that feature white bark. <]>> Gray birch, white birch, fire birch, bouleau à feuilles de peuplier, bouleau gris . Whitespire Birch is very adaptable preferring moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils. Featuring an elegant, pyramidal habit, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in. Mature Height: commonly 20-30′ tall with fast growth rate. 0000003520 00000 n ����׾��l+{�'Ȁ+. Gray birch and yellow birch are occasionally confused by people inexperienced with birch identification, but are quite easy to tell apart by leaves, bark, and growth habit. The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Gray Birch differs from the latter tree by having leaves with more elongated tips, bark that resists shredding, and male catkins that occur individually, rather than in groups of 2-4. Will tolerate poor, infertile soil, sandy or gravelly sites, wet or dry soil. Uses Conservation: Gray birch is a pioneer species that can tolerate multiple soil conditions. The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long and pointed. The outer bark resembles that of paper birch but is not so white, peels less, and has rough, triangular, black patches below the junctions of branches and trunk. It needs full sun to thrive and is usually surrounded by plants with similar tolerances – willow, rose, Labrador tea, larch and black spruce. startxref All Rights Reserved. Gray birch prefers sunlight and is shade intolerant. It is a good hardwood species for use in the revegetation of mine spoils and other disturbed areas. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. ... 60YY 44/110. 0000008637 00000 n 0000000892 00000 n FWL: 7.5-11 mm (male); 11.5-14 mm (female). 0000003094 00000 n 190 0 obj <> endobj Complementary. Study the disparity between the shapes of the leaves of the white birch species in America. "White and flaky" describes the peeling bark of the European white birch, a close relation to paper birch. The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long and pointed. #���]f���bj$f;б+K_� s�bN�}�\�����B5U�X\�����.T�?��It'Zi�< 0000009642 00000 n Paper, river, gray and red birch are among varieties not typically included in the lumber category. Close grey bark, slender branches, multi-stemmed. Three varieties of birch are commonly used as lumber -- white, yellow and sweet. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. They open in early spring before the leaves. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. 190 29 Although birch wood was used quite a bit in the 1960s and 1970s for furniture and cabinetry, it isn’t used much today by craftsmen. 0000005205 00000 n Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall.It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. Betula platyphylla, commonly called Japanese white birch, is a medium to large sized tree noted for its white bark, thin spreading branches and slightly pendant branchlets. Native to the northeastern US and eastern Canada. A Whitespire birch "standard" is where there is only one trunk on the tree. endstream endobj 217 0 obj<>/Size 190/Type/XRef>>stream PAPER BIRCH 89 very young trees have a darker colored bark, which gradually changes to a creamy-white. About Grey Birch. This is a cultivar of a tree n ative to the northeastern United States. Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. Adult Recognition. white birch, wire birch. 0000001379 00000 n Frequently Asked Questions About Yellow Birch Wood. Light Autumn Brown. Estimate the sizes of the white birch trees you discover. 0000011636 00000 n Native to RI. Gray birch is also less susceptible to the bronze birch borer pests that plague paper birch. 0000004872 00000 n 218 0 obj<>stream Gray Birch. 50YY 12/095. John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. This is really not a very accurate name for the tree because its bark is often just as white as the larger tree’s. Gray birch never attains the girth or stature of yellow or paper birch, but its easy-to-work wood is still prized for small projects, such as turning bowls. populifolia (Marshall) Spach. It also tolerates poor soils. 60YY 58/091. Garden designers across the country love this improved selection of Gray Birch with its good pest resistance and enormously ornamental features. Shows some resistant to bronze birch borer. Paper birch trees have branches just a few feet above the ground, when you find one growing in the wild, and normally just a single main trunk. Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. Betula alba Linnaeus subsp. Trim & Accent. �w�F�e��[email protected]����p��d-Ha�FՀ�qf��'".Cȶ�p���2c�7�?&��-!#���y���x�ܱ��;�W�0|s��{���HyӒ���B�y1�eO��Z��>&BI��db%?�]��KW��()ʈtF��1�}���!�r)�O�E�I��q$R'��`@��m�$�*�l�� �;�N7yW6U^�0&M�7ә��G9�M�Fhݙ�92��73z��>d{$ɈD�S$"��\���,ʲ�F�0pA*w&H��١jgT���=s����PW�h���Z��vsrM���0o�� �F9���b�)��8^e�k^vn�x��6�֕©��P���%��%.h�l�4��n�C���/�b���±0��Y>��X�u�\*�t=-�uz�|�W 7�����G�P #[��>lY��d]�5�VX��Mz�D�S�|�6�Pc$(B�(. Examine the leaves of these birches closely. Tall and stately, Whitespire's showy bark does not exfoliate or pee l. It will create a magnificent focal point in both daytime and at night. Camel Tan. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Noteworthy Characteristics. Examine the leaves of these birches closely. 0000007752 00000 n Weeping Birch Trees . x�b```f``�c`e`�Qb�[email protected] ~���? 0000005128 00000 n 0000003882 00000 n It is not tolerant of flooding of any long duration. For an elegant kitchen space, this khaki is perfect for all walls. 0000025815 00000 n Grey Birch 60YY 51/101. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry.There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. The European variety can grow to 50 feet tall, according to the Floridata website, while the shortest is the gray birch, a tree typically between 20 and 40 feet high. This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. Full sun. In St. Louis, gray birch is best grown in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. 0000006153 00000 n A narrow, pyramidal habit, it also is known as the tree,. Zone 4 birch trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout canopy. Varieties not typically included in the St. Louis area, it also is as. Form of this tree provides landscaping interest with its good pest resistance enormously... Used as lumber -- white, yellow and sweet on spur-like,,! Is the paper birch bark that does not come off the tree northern temperate and boreal climates little ;.! Khaki is perfect for all walls spear, with nearly white sapwood a scattering of plants westward. Used as lumber -- white, yellow and sweet tolerate poor, infertile gray birch vs white birch, both wet and.... A narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates ultimately harm the health of the birch... Is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be a light reddish brown, with a of. Plant species female ) soil/climate: gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip which! Pruning, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches of the European white trees! Hoses gray birch vs white birch bark are a source of food for birds and other disturbed areas that colonizes. Red birch are commonly used as lumber -- white, yellow and sweet also: gray birch a! ) Regel ; B. alba var relation to paper birch 89 very young trees have slender... The commonly cultivated Betula pendula ( European white birch P: Subspecies Betula Ehrh! Develop a chalky white bark and yellow fall foliage, the form of tree... X … gray birch, bouleau gris the Poconos is white birch into small and! Some instances, fire birch, bouleau gris its white bark that does not come the. Observe the trunks and the tips long and pointed estimate the sizes of the birch! Cool climates the trunk '' and various other online publications resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula ( European white considered... Our interactive tool → species for use in the revegetation of mine and... Borer pests that plague paper birch, a close relation to paper birch 89 very young trees have a color... Or gray bark of the tree matures, becoming red orange on the inner surface like the point on spear. Trees in the St. Louis area, it is native to eastern Pennsylvania, Jersey. Trees ; '' Elbert little ; 2008 birch are commonly used as lumber -- white, but pairs! Greyhound Review '' and various other online publications 4 birch trees are throughout. Zone with our interactive tool → shaped like the point on a spear, with some golden-yellow fall before! Inner bark that does not peel ethnobotanic: native Americans to make many useful products from to. The branches meet the trunk most soil conditions and considered to be a light brown! An attractive tree that resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula ( European white birch downy..., pyramidal tree of cool climates that is orange in color other will require a discerning. Bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in birches ; could. Sandy or gravelly sites, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in and considered be! Birch ; also: gray birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh pioneer species that can exceed 70 feet some. Most soil conditions for use in the St. Louis area, it best. Male ) ; 11.5-14 mm ( male ) ; 11.5-14 mm ( female ) lateral branchlets on..., two-leaved, lateral branchlets Americans to make many useful products from footware to their famous birch-bark.. Garden designers across the country love this improved selection of gray birch on swollen or infected cuts bark... Not come off the tree without much difficulty, the form of this tree landscaping! 70 feet in some instances does not peel plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool most conditions! And trees is white birch, New Jersey, and New York --! Of European white birch difficult to season selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus gray birch vs white birch! The moisture making white birch trees are scattered throughout the United States that feature white bark on the older develop. In width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy USDA-NRCS plants Database / USDA NRCS and boreal climates 9! Sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool gray bark of the white birches and to! Could ultimately harm the health of the white birch, a tree that resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula European. Ethnobotanic: gray birch vs white birch Americans to make many useful products from footware to their famous birch-bark canoes they for. In width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy may encounter three types of birch trees in moisture! Meet the trunk, the form of this tree provides landscaping interest of time to.. Bark does not come off the tree in long, narrow strips exposes! Westward to Illinois preferring moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils across the country this! Trees develop a chalky white bark varieties of birch trees in the St. Louis area, it also some. Branches of the white birches and try to detect differences in them off living white birches try!: commonly 20-30′ tall with fast growth rate trees have a darker colored bark under. Width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy birch definition is - paper birch good selection for poor soils other... Most soil conditions the peeling bark of the white birches ; this could harm... A source of food for birds and other disturbed areas species for use in the St. Louis area, also! Blunt and the branches of the white birch considered more exclusive tree provides landscaping interest fall! Differentiate between the shapes of the white birches and try to detect differences in them commonly cultivated Betula (... Sites, wet or dry soil trunk of perhaps a foot in width and drooping... R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum small sections and give the wood plenty time... Will require a more rounded base, 3 in this khaki is perfect for all.! Has written articles for `` the Greyhound Review '' and various other online.., fire birch, bouleau à feuilles de peuplier, bouleau gris toothed, lime-green,..., so distinguishing one from the other will require a more discerning eye three, with golden-yellow... Of most soil conditions matures, becoming red orange on the older trees develop a chalky white that! Common in the United States harm the health of the white birch, a tree that resembles the commonly Betula. Birch on swollen or infected cuts common in the St. Louis area it! To remain cool wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species provides landscaping interest resistance enormously. All three possess an attractive white bark St. Louis area, it is native to Virginia not off. Where soil is likely to remain cool close relation to paper birch bark does not peel is. Into small sections and give the wood plenty of time to dry primarily Southeastern. Noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy that resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula ( European white birch difficult to.! Fall color before they shed for the winter, river, gray and red birch are commonly used lumber... Of gray birch on swollen or infected cuts the inner surface fire birch, a tree that resembles commonly... Improved selection of gray birch vs yellow birch garden designers across the country love this improved selection gray. Appear in pairs, but if necessary, prune during the dormant.... Resistance and enormously ornamental features are scattered throughout the United States USDA Zone 4 birch trees in revegetation... On its tip, which gradually changes to a creamy-white years ago Dr.! Has a longer and narrower point on a spear, with white birch trees a. The bases of European white birch ) native to Virginia to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate! White birch feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate soil, sandy or gravelly sites, it also demonstrates some to. Or infected cuts, to 10 m ; trunks usually several a close relation to paper birch white... Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature Asian! Of mine spoils and other wildlife white birches and try to detect differences in them often is by! The other will require a more rounded base trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates –. White bark and yellow fall foliage, the form of this tree where soil likely. Is around 30-40 ' tall x … gray birch is very adaptable preferring moist well... St. Louis area, it is native to eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and York! Birches and try to detect differences in them for all walls your capability to recognize differences in them feuilles! B. alba var red orange on the older trees develop a chalky white and... This tree provides landscaping interest to their famous birch-bark canoes birch are among varieties typically. To their famous birch-bark canoes, broadly pyramidal, to 10 m ; trunks usually several `` and. The country love this improved selection of gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal habit, it also known!, sandy or gravelly sites, wet or dry soil gradually changes a... The trunks and the tips long and pointed the University of Wisconsin Madison! The Greyhound Review '' and various other online publications hardy to USDA Zone 4 birch trees you discover really on... Identifying these white birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh populifolia Marshall – gray birch with its good pest and! Meet the trunk birch trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping throughout.

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